Let Linux Reduce System Resource Use

Tux, the Linux penguin

Image via Wikipedia

Because the Linux operating systems is more customizable than the traditional operating system, users can run Linux on computers that have limited resources. Many of Linux’s user interfaces and programs are design to be lightweight and can help your system performance. With the correct interface and software choices, you can make an older computer run well. For instance, here’s look at programs that you can choose that will reduce CPU usage.

Graphical User Interface
Determine which window managers are currently installed by booting the computer, go to the login screen and then go to the “session” menu to look at your options. From here, select a user interface that is very lightweight, such as LXXDE, Openbox or Fluxbox. Continue logging in and you should notice the lighter interface that is reducing your system resource usage.

Lightweight Software
Look at your installed software — browsers and word processors, in particular. OpenOffice and Firefox are considered system resource hogs. Try Chrome or Opera as a Firefox option. Abiword is a very good word processing option to replace Open Office and gnumeric is a great piece of software for spreadsheets.

You can also consider using a simple text editor instead of a full-fledged work processor. A text editor can be just as efficient as a regular word process, while using less system resources.

Finally, monitor your system resources by using the “htop” command from within the command shell to give you system monitor. You will be able to examine which software and programs are consuming the most system resources.

Linux Can Keep Up with Technology Changes

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An operating system is only as good as its flexibility. If a user cannot load the hardware or software needed to make the computer function at its peak capacity as well as provide the user with the programs needed to perform daily tasks, then that operating system can be very frustrating to use.

The Linux operating system is constantly being updated and improved so that it will accept changes as they occur. This is because the Linux operating system was originally made possible through the collaboration of many people in different parts of the United States as well as the world. For more information on how Linux stays on top of technology changes, go to thelinuxgurus.org.

Probably one of the most cited reasons for changing or upgrading to a different operating system is the fact that the one being implemented has newer features. These can include more access to different software programs and more sharing ability, something that is becoming increasingly important as more and more people begin to learn about “cloud computing.”

“Cloud computing” simply means that when you access a program, you may be receiving that program from an internal web system or it may be coming from a source outside the office, even from the Internet. You get the same information and can perform the same functions; you just don’t know the exact location of where the program originated from. Linux is making constant changes and improvements so that users of this operating system will be able to access cloud computing features.

Different Types of Linux Software

If you have a personal computer that utilizes the Linux Operating System, then you know that there are numerous types of software developed specifically for that system. Here are a few examples of Linux software, as well as the features they include and the functions they perform:

  • Ubuntu: This is a desktop platform that provides free software to anyone who wishes to use it. Unlike other platforms, however, Ubuntu software doesn’t have “commercial” and “community” software (commercial software usually has more features that community.) The software you download from Ubuntu on your computer at home has the same features as that on your work computer.
  • BleachBit: This software helps you free up disk space by doing more than simply deleting files. It actually “cleans” your computer, getting rid of applications and other programs that you may not even known were there and certainly don’t need.
  • NolaPro: A bookkeeping and accounting software program that makes keeping up with accounts payable and receivable, payroll, and other accounting functions easier.

Other types of Linux software include gaming software, software that is designed for use in the educational field, software that can help perform complicated mathematical functions, and many other types. You should have no problem finding some Linux software that you can use, either for business or pleasure.

These are just a few examples of Linux software. The website thelinuxgurus.org can give you more examples and descriptions. It can also offer you information on the newest software that is available as well as future projections for Linux software and the operating system.

 

What is the Linux Operating System?

Tux, the Linux penguin

Image via Wikipedia

To understand what the Linux Operating System is, you have to understand what an operating system is. Basically, an operating system is what makes your computer run, and different brands and types of computers have different operating systems.

Linux is simply another type of operating system, but what makes it so unique is that Linux was developed for use on personal computers. There may have been other operating systems that could work on personal computers, but usually they were lacking in key components, such as memory and the ability to share files and other things.

All operating systems will accept software; however, certain operating systems only accept certain kinds. Linux supports many different types of software, as well as some that was created exclusively for use in Linux systems. You can find more information on Linux software on thelinuxgurus.org.

Another good thing about Linux is that the source code (the thing the computer has to “read” to operate) is widely available. This means that anyone who wishes can contribute to the Linux operating system. This, in turn, means that upgrades and improvements are constantly being made.

As mentioned earlier, certain operating systems support specific software. This can make some of them a hassle to use, because you don’t have access to a lot of different features. It is true that Linux has exclusive software for its operating system, but the software gives you lots of feature options so you don’t feel “closed in”. Go to thelinuxgurus.org to learn more about the features on Linux software.

 

Organizing Your Linux Computer With Directories

Organization is important to many computer users. Without having an organized hard drive you would be unable to locate important pictures, files and data.

 

If you are using a Linux operating system you have the opportunity to create directories that can be used to store and organize files, data and pictures. Here’s a look at how you can create those directories on Linux.

 

Step One: Know Your Directory

 

You will need to know what current directory you are operating in to create a new one. This will help you reduce your chance of receiving an error while trying to create a new directory.

 

Step Two: Create the Directory

 

In the command prompt you will want to type “mkdir (name)”. Replace the (name) with the name of the directory you wish to create. Just remember that you are going to create the directory in the partition that you are in.

 

Step Three: Create Subdirectories

 

To further organize your directories you can create subdirectories. This can be done by typing the command “-p” and the name of the directory that you wish to create. For example you would type “mkdir –p (name)”. Just replace the (name) with the subdirectory you wish to create.

 

With a little bit of practice and research you can create tons of directories that will allow you to organize your data, files and pictures so you can find them faster. As you practice you can learn how to create multiple directories in one command line and how to separate files for ease of use all on the Linux system. Computer using with Linux just got easier.

New Linux Users Guide – Understanding Defragging on Linux

Computer users who are used to a Windows PC or Mac know  how important performing the defragging option on a computer can be. After a period of time the hard drive of a computer becomes fragmented and it can cause the computer to slow down.  When a computer user switches over to a Linux operating system one of the first questions that comes up is about the defragging process.

 

To clear up any confusion here’s a guide to the basic questions that are asked by first time Linux users about the defragging process.

 

Where Do You Defrag on Linux?

Tux, the Linux penguin

Image via Wikipedia

 

New Linux users will notice that there is no defragment command on Linux. This can be confusing if you are used to defragging the computer. The reason for this is because Linux is set up so well that you do not need to defrag your computer. Where Macs and Windows will slow down at the slightest defragment, Linux will slow down only when it’s 40-50% fragmented so users rarely have to defrag.

 

What Do I Do to Defrag?

 

If you really wish to defrag your computer that is using a Linux operating system you will need to download various tools and software that will perform this function. Experts recommend downloading EX2 File System for Windows as this is the easiest and best defragment program. This tool requires that you know how to dual-boot and run it on a Windows operating system but it can be done.

 

New Linux users will notice that it is a whole new computer world with this new operating system. This guide should help you with the basic questions about defragmentation.

Restoring Files From Linux After They Were Deleted

When using the computer mistakes are going to happen. The most common mistake is deleting a file that was not supposed to be deleted. While some operating systems make correcting this mistake easy, deleting a file off of Linux and restoring it can be difficult.

 

If you have accidentally deleted a file off the Linux operating system here are the steps you need to take see you can restore the missing file.

 

Step One: Find the Partition

Tux, as originally drawn by Larry Ewing

Image via Wikipedia

 

You must find the partition section where the file was located. This can be done by performing the PWD command and searching for the missing file.

 

Step Two: Use Unmount

 

The command unmount can be used to make sure the file will not be overwritten or accidently deleted. Simply type “unmount” and the file and this will protect the file you wish to restore.

 

Step Three: Use Debugfs

 

The debugfs will make sure no errors occur on your Linux operating system. Occasionally when restoring a file a can cause the operating system to interpret it as an error and shut it down. Performing a debugfs command will prevent this from happening while you restore your deleted file.

 

Step Four: Use Isdel

 

While the debugfs command is running you will want to use the isdel command. This command forces Linux to create a list of all recently deleted files. The time it takes Linux to create a list of deleted files will vary depending upon how many files you have recently deleted.

 

Step Five: Recover

Once you have found the files you can undelete them by typing in the command dump (filename). This will restore your files.

Multitasking with Linux

A big part of the highly used software operating system Linux is multitasking. Linux is a popular system that is found on such things as gaming systems, phones, PDAs and more.

Multitasking for computers is similar to a person that takes on many different projects at once.  Linux multitasks by working on multiple processes or tasks. This operating system can work on one project and do well and can give the same dedication to each task if working on 10 or more. Linux may not even realize it is running different tasks because it works as if it is dedicated to one task.

How much can Linux  really do while multitasking? Well, this really depends on a few useful elements such as:

  • Computer memory
  • Central processing unit speed
  • Program size

Computer users want to do multitasking with Linux and any software operating systems. Busy, Busy, Busy!! They have many things they want to get done and the more multitasking a computer can do the better because the more they can get done as well. If a computer system can’t handle multitasking then it won’t be popular with users no matter what else it has going for it that users love. Therefore, all the major operating systems including Linux use multitasking.

Multitasking with Linux makes it an efficient system that has become successful over the years. It has also lead to its long life of increased use. An added element of Linux multitasking is each project is an independent element. If one of the elements working during multitasking crashes for some reason the other elements being worked on at the same time will still be working fine. It also rarely causes the system to automatically reboot.

Improving Programming with Linux

Anyone that wants to improve programming can consider doing so with Linux. There are some things to know first though.

Linux is an operating system that was developed through industrial strength concepts that optimize use. When using Linux it takes less space to use than say the popular Windows system. That means there is more space available for storing and using other elements.

There are a variety of ways to learn Linux to help improve programming. There are courses as well as books that give complete details about Linux working processes as well as techniques. Even websites provide information and resources for Linux education.

Those interested will find many different computer languages exist and Linux can accept a variety. This makes Linux versatile and very user friendly. Computer language is important because it gets a program to work efficiently allowing the computer to understand commands. Some of the computer languages that work with Linux are:

*Fortran

*C/C++

*Python

*Perl

Linux is often easy to assess as well which can help improve programming. It is available through a General Public License. The user just needs to know what type of Linux system will be best for their needs. Even if the public doesn’t recognize Linux as an operating program they benefit from its platform. It has been used in watches, cell phones, TiVo, Sony PlayStation and many other elements that have been improved programming with Linux.

Improving programming with Linux can occur for many things from gamming and desktop publishing to internet visits and e-mail checking. It really provides a freedom for individuals to program freely.

Linux Core Technology

Linux is a popular software operating system that works on many hardware elements including IBM products through its technology design.

The Linux technology foundation is the kernel. This is the software’s core taking care of requests made toward the computer. Linux software varies because of how the unique kernel is handled. Examples of Linux technology benefits because of variety including:

*Using the Linux technology kernel for graphics

*Allowing shared access to the kernel

*Faster processing

Some computer users working with graphics use more graphics than others. Therefore, not every version is set up for major graphics. It is primarily a server operator for professionals. Anyone that is a beginner with Linux technology allows an option to using specific programs. It even helps make switching from one system to another easy. Check the Linux program to make sure it will do the job that you need it to do. Linux technology does not relate to Windows in the point-click system format. Instead, users control the computer through certain applications to make the computer do what you want.

It is considered being difficult to work with Linux technology unless being educated in all the techniques. Nevertheless, when Linux technology is understood and conquered then the benefit is a more flexible system. Linux technology allows it to be a powerful system that has specific conditions. When it comes to Linux the quality technology also helps it to continue to work properly. IT professionals often choose Linux over other such systems.

Furthermore, Linux technology and overall support is available. Some groups offer free support and others charge to assist with this. Finding good support is vital to benefiting from Linux. Research helps when searching for quality support.