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Operating system

Linux Can Keep Up with Technology Changes

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An operating system is only as good as its flexibility. If a user cannot load the hardware or software needed to make the computer function at its peak capacity as well as provide the user with the programs needed to perform daily tasks, then that operating system can be very frustrating to use.

The Linux operating system is constantly being updated and improved so that it will accept changes as they occur. This is because the Linux operating system was originally made possible through the collaboration of many people in different parts of the United States as well as the world. For more information on how Linux stays on top of technology changes, go to thelinuxgurus.org.

Probably one of the most cited reasons for changing or upgrading to a different operating system is the fact that the one being implemented has newer features. These can include more access to different software programs and more sharing ability, something that is becoming increasingly important as more and more people begin to learn about “cloud computing.”

“Cloud computing” simply means that when you access a program, you may be receiving that program from an internal web system or it may be coming from a source outside the office, even from the Internet. You get the same information and can perform the same functions; you just don’t know the exact location of where the program originated from. Linux is making constant changes and improvements so that users of this operating system will be able to access cloud computing features.

What is the Linux Operating System?

Tux, the Linux penguin

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To understand what the Linux Operating System is, you have to understand what an operating system is. Basically, an operating system is what makes your computer run, and different brands and types of computers have different operating systems.

Linux is simply another type of operating system, but what makes it so unique is that Linux was developed for use on personal computers. There may have been other operating systems that could work on personal computers, but usually they were lacking in key components, such as memory and the ability to share files and other things.

All operating systems will accept software; however, certain operating systems only accept certain kinds. Linux supports many different types of software, as well as some that was created exclusively for use in Linux systems. You can find more information on Linux software on thelinuxgurus.org.

Another good thing about Linux is that the source code (the thing the computer has to “read” to operate) is widely available. This means that anyone who wishes can contribute to the Linux operating system. This, in turn, means that upgrades and improvements are constantly being made.

As mentioned earlier, certain operating systems support specific software. This can make some of them a hassle to use, because you don’t have access to a lot of different features. It is true that Linux has exclusive software for its operating system, but the software gives you lots of feature options so you don’t feel “closed in”. Go to thelinuxgurus.org to learn more about the features on Linux software.


Organizing Your Linux Computer With Directories

Organization is important to many computer users. Without having an organized hard drive you would be unable to locate important pictures, files and data.


If you are using a Linux operating system you have the opportunity to create directories that can be used to store and organize files, data and pictures. Here’s a look at how you can create those directories on Linux.


Step One: Know Your Directory


You will need to know what current directory you are operating in to create a new one. This will help you reduce your chance of receiving an error while trying to create a new directory.


Step Two: Create the Directory


In the command prompt you will want to type “mkdir (name)”. Replace the (name) with the name of the directory you wish to create. Just remember that you are going to create the directory in the partition that you are in.


Step Three: Create Subdirectories


To further organize your directories you can create subdirectories. This can be done by typing the command “-p” and the name of the directory that you wish to create. For example you would type “mkdir –p (name)”. Just replace the (name) with the subdirectory you wish to create.


With a little bit of practice and research you can create tons of directories that will allow you to organize your data, files and pictures so you can find them faster. As you practice you can learn how to create multiple directories in one command line and how to separate files for ease of use all on the Linux system. Computer using with Linux just got easier.

New Linux Users Guide – Understanding Defragging on Linux

Computer users who are used to a Windows PC or Mac know  how important performing the defragging option on a computer can be. After a period of time the hard drive of a computer becomes fragmented and it can cause the computer to slow down.  When a computer user switches over to a Linux operating system one of the first questions that comes up is about the defragging process.


To clear up any confusion here’s a guide to the basic questions that are asked by first time Linux users about the defragging process.


Where Do You Defrag on Linux?

Tux, the Linux penguin

Image via Wikipedia


New Linux users will notice that there is no defragment command on Linux. This can be confusing if you are used to defragging the computer. The reason for this is because Linux is set up so well that you do not need to defrag your computer. Where Macs and Windows will slow down at the slightest defragment, Linux will slow down only when it’s 40-50% fragmented so users rarely have to defrag.


What Do I Do to Defrag?


If you really wish to defrag your computer that is using a Linux operating system you will need to download various tools and software that will perform this function. Experts recommend downloading EX2 File System for Windows as this is the easiest and best defragment program. This tool requires that you know how to dual-boot and run it on a Windows operating system but it can be done.


New Linux users will notice that it is a whole new computer world with this new operating system. This guide should help you with the basic questions about defragmentation.

Restoring Files From Linux After They Were Deleted

When using the computer mistakes are going to happen. The most common mistake is deleting a file that was not supposed to be deleted. While some operating systems make correcting this mistake easy, deleting a file off of Linux and restoring it can be difficult.


If you have accidentally deleted a file off the Linux operating system here are the steps you need to take see you can restore the missing file.


Step One: Find the Partition

Tux, as originally drawn by Larry Ewing

Image via Wikipedia


You must find the partition section where the file was located. This can be done by performing the PWD command and searching for the missing file.


Step Two: Use Unmount


The command unmount can be used to make sure the file will not be overwritten or accidently deleted. Simply type “unmount” and the file and this will protect the file you wish to restore.


Step Three: Use Debugfs


The debugfs will make sure no errors occur on your Linux operating system. Occasionally when restoring a file a can cause the operating system to interpret it as an error and shut it down. Performing a debugfs command will prevent this from happening while you restore your deleted file.


Step Four: Use Isdel


While the debugfs command is running you will want to use the isdel command. This command forces Linux to create a list of all recently deleted files. The time it takes Linux to create a list of deleted files will vary depending upon how many files you have recently deleted.


Step Five: Recover

Once you have found the files you can undelete them by typing in the command dump (filename). This will restore your files.

Multitasking with Linux

A big part of the highly used software operating system Linux is multitasking. Linux is a popular system that is found on such things as gaming systems, phones, PDAs and more.

Multitasking for computers is similar to a person that takes on many different projects at once.  Linux multitasks by working on multiple processes or tasks. This operating system can work on one project and do well and can give the same dedication to each task if working on 10 or more. Linux may not even realize it is running different tasks because it works as if it is dedicated to one task.

How much can Linux  really do while multitasking? Well, this really depends on a few useful elements such as:

  • Computer memory
  • Central processing unit speed
  • Program size

Computer users want to do multitasking with Linux and any software operating systems. Busy, Busy, Busy!! They have many things they want to get done and the more multitasking a computer can do the better because the more they can get done as well. If a computer system can’t handle multitasking then it won’t be popular with users no matter what else it has going for it that users love. Therefore, all the major operating systems including Linux use multitasking.

Multitasking with Linux makes it an efficient system that has become successful over the years. It has also lead to its long life of increased use. An added element of Linux multitasking is each project is an independent element. If one of the elements working during multitasking crashes for some reason the other elements being worked on at the same time will still be working fine. It also rarely causes the system to automatically reboot.

Linux Benefits

Linux, a computer software operating system, has a variety of benefits. This popular system is found in many popular elements such as phones and PDAs.

Many may not have heard much about Linux and they may not understand the benefits over using Windows or other popular and similar operating systems. For starters, Linux is unique since it is an open source operating system. Elements of this type of operating system include:

*It has a public license allowing users access to software for free, in most cases. There is a source code that even allows the user to make changes.

*This provides more secure software since there is a team with various backgrounds that worked on it.

*It is compatible when it comes to other such platforms.

*This has no vendor lock-in., which means the software owner can move content to storage.

*Chances are Linux is safe from being shut down because it is owned, developed and supported by a group of companies.

Linux seems to have many benefits. Users can feel good about using Linux because of how it handles system crashes. This program handles unknown elements or software and is designed not to have a full system crash. That is a wonderful benefit especially if someone has a major term paper due or career making project presentation to make in just a few hours. Linux even doesn’t have as much trouble with Spyware or Adware as well as other such computer terrorisers. Using Linux also gives users more security because it is not an application, but the system is built into the program making it stronger.

What is Linux?

Tux, the Linux penguin

Image via Wikipedia

Linux is a computer software operating system. It helps a computer apply functions through applications and operations.

Typical operating systems run using an application, such as a computer processor. These systems perform a certain task and this effort is sent to the system’s application through the system. The same is true for Linux.

It was started in 1991 and in 2008 it represented an ecosystem of $25 billion. Linux continues to be enhanced within the computer industry. It can be found working and powering various elements including:

  • Mobile phones
  • Consumer devices
  • Supercomputers
  • New York Stock Exchange
  • PDAs
  • Web services, such as Linked In and YouTube

Linux does differ compared to other operating systems, such as OS X and Windows, though.

It was created to be an open operating system that is not handled by just one group. It is an effort that has continued support and development as a group effort. Several companies share the expense of what it costs to keep Linux up-to-date. This collaborative effort allows for efficient results because it is a group effort. There are around 100 companies that work with Linux, with that number continuing to grow. This effort has helped Linux to be a popular system found in use throughout the world.

Even though Linux is a very popular operating system it continues toward more elements of involvement. Linux can be found in BIOS laptop systems, for example as well as in computer notebooks. It is known to speed up computer start up time. Linux provides Internet connection tools for computers including e-mail and a web browser. Using Linux means computer users are working on the Internet and they didn’t have to start it up on their own – it just starts up when the computer does.

Linux is known to be evolving just as all computers and other technologies evolve. Changes are being made all the time and improvements are being introduced.

A Look at the Various Operating Systems Available

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When you purchase a computer you’ve already made the tough decision to go with a PC or a MAC, but your decision-making process has not stopped there. You will be faced with the decision about what type of operating system you want to use and download for your computer.

There are a dozen different types of operating systems are available for your computer. The operating system that you choose will depend upon what you are using your computer for. If you are an individual user you will most likely go with one type of operating system while a huge business such as one that handles rental offices for Los Angeles apartments might go with another type.

Here is a look at some of the different types of computer operating systems that are available for computer users to choose from.

A Graphic User Interface. A graphic user interface, or a GUI system, allows computer users to interact with the system generally through icons and the use of a mouse. Windows is a great example of a GUI operating system.

Multiprocessor. Some computer operating systems are unable to handle more than one computer on their system. These require the use of a multiprocessor system such as Windows 2000 or the Linux system.

Multitasking. A computer will sometimes need to multitask just like a human. It will need to run multiple software programs at one time and some operating systems work better than others when it comes to this type of operating system. Windows 2000 and Linux work better for computers that need to run more than one software at a time.

The choice of which computer operating system you choose to use on your computer is up to you. It is a good idea to figure out what your computer needs are and which operating system will work best for those needs before downloading an operating system.

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Linux vs. Mac

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Though Mac computers run on Unix, which is a Linux based operating system, there are still advantages to Linux over Mac.

The biggest factor for most people is the price. Since Linux is free, open source software, it does not cost anything. With a Mac, though, you will pay at least an extra $500, if not more. Though Macs use a Unix base for their operating system, they still charge a significant amount of money for the use of the software.

In a lot of cases, using a Linux operating system and using a mac are very similar. In other ways, they are very different. For example, updating software on a Mac can be frustrating and time consuming. You have to use the AppFresh installer every time you want to update a program. With Ubuntu, for example, everything stays up to date automatically. This is a huge factor for many people, who may not have the time to check frequently to see if there are updates to be made or not.

With Linux, all of the software that you will use is also going to be free. Since it is an open source software, you will be able to find many programs and pieces of software for free, that will serve the purposes you need. With a Mac, however, you may need to pay extra for these programs, as Macs are extremely proprietary.

Between a Mac and a Linux computer, the biggest difference is going to be the price. Macs are extremely proprietary, and can get very expensive. Using Linux software is free, and has about the same learning curve as a Mac does. They have about the same amount of computer security as well. If you are more worried about brand, you may want to stick with a Mac, but if you are looking for great functionality with a lower price tag, consider Linux.

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